Culture of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The culture of India is the way of living of the people of India. The Indian culture , Tamil , although to a Tamil culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Tamil culture is the culture of the Tamil people. Free indian culture Essays and Papers - helpme Free indian culture papers Feminism in Indian English and Tamil literature - The term 'feminism' has its origin from the Culture of India - history, people, clothing, traditions With the arrival of the printing press in south India, Tamil literature An Essay on the Caste The History and Culture of the Indian Marathi, Tamil and Urdu are some other languages spoken in the country.
Colorful reliefs of Hindu gods adorn a Later in the century Westernization of Indian culture began , American Indian , Asian. The Hindu festival Deepavali is celebrated with fanfare; other local Hindu festivals include Thaipusam , Panguni Uttiram, and Adiperukku. While Adiperukku is celebrated with more pomp in the Cauvery region than in others, the Ayyavazhi Festival, Ayya Vaikunda Avataram , is predominantly celebrated in the southern districts of Kanyakumari District , Tirunelveli , and Thoothukudi. This form of worship is mentioned frequently in classical literature and appears to be the surviving remnants of an ancient Tamil tradition.
The Saivist sect of Hinduism is significantly represented amongst Tamils, more so among Sri Lankan Tamils, although most of the Saivist places of religious significance are in northern India. The Alvars and Nayanars , who were predominantly Tamils, played a key role in the renaissance of Bhakti tradition in India.
In the 10th century, the philosopher Ramanuja , who propagated the theory of Visishtadvaitam , brought many changes to worshiping practices, creating new regulations on temple worship, and accepted lower-caste Hindus as his prime disciples.
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Tamil Jains constitute around 0. Hart , the legend of the Tamil Sangams or "literary assemblies: was based on the Jain sangham at Madurai.
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Silambam originated in ancient Tamilakam and was patronized by the Pandyans, Cholas and Cheras, who ruled over this region. Silapathigaram , a Tamil literature from the 2nd century AD, refers to the sale of Silamabam instructions, weapons and equipment to foreign traders. War was regarded as an honorable sacrifice and fallen heroes and kings were worshiped in the form of a Hero stone.
Each warrior was trained in martial arts, horse riding and specialized in two of the weapons of that period Vel spear Val sword and Vil bow. The Tamil kings and warriors followed an honour code similar to that of Japanese Samurais and committed suicide to save the honor. Avipalli was mentioned in all the works except Veera Soliyam.
It was a self-sacrifice of a warrior to the goddess of war for the victory of his commander.
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The Tamil rebels in Sri Lanka reflected some elements of Tamil martial traditions which included worship of fallen heroes Maaveerar Naal and practice of martial suicide. They carried a Suicide pill around their neck to escape the captivity and torture. It was forbidden for the rebels to consume tobaccos , alcohols , drugs and to have sexual relationship. The crucible steel production process started in the sixth century BC, at production sites of Kodumanal in Tamil Nadu , Golconda in Andhra Pradesh , Karnataka and Sri Lanka and exported globally; the Tamils of the Chera Dynasty producing what was termed the finest steel in the world , i.
The Tamilakam method was to heat black magnetite ore in the presence of carbon in a sealed clay crucible inside a charcoal furnace.
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An alternative was to smelt the ore first to give wrought iron, then heated and hammered to be rid of slag. A BC Tamil trade guild in Tissamaharama , in the South East of Sri Lanka, brought with them some of the oldest iron and steel artifacts and production processes to the island from the classical period.
The 12th century Arab traveler Edrisi mentioned the "Hinduwani" or Indian steel as the best in the world. Most traditional art are religious in some form and usually centres on Hinduism , although the religious element is often only a means to represent universal—and, occasionally, humanist —themes. The most important form of Tamil painting is Tanjore painting , which originated in Thanjavur in the 9th century. The painting's base is made of cloth and coated with zinc oxide , over which the image is painted using dyes; it is then decorated with semi-precious stones, as well as silver or gold thread.
Tamil sculpture ranges from elegant stone sculptures in temples, to bronze icons with exquisite details. Tamil country has its own music form called Tamil Pannisai, from which current carnatic music evolved. Has its own music troops like Urumi melam, Pandi melam present day's chenda melam , Mangala Vathiyam, Kailaya vathiyam etc.
Ancient Tamil works, such as the Silappatikaram , describe a system of music ,  and a 7th-century Pallava inscription at Kudimiyamalai contains one of the earliest surviving examples of Indian music in notation. Contemporary dance forms such as Bharatanatyam have recent origins but are based older temple dance forms known as Catir Kacceri as practised by courtesans and a class of women known as Devadasis  One of the Tamil folk dances is karakattam.
In its religious form, the dance is performed in front of an image of the goddess Mariamma. The drama is opened by a woman playing the part of a female soothsayer of the kurava tribe people of hills and mountains , who tells the story of a lady pining for her lover. The therukoothu , literally meaning "street play", is a form of village theater or folk opera.
It is traditionally performed in village squares, with no sets and very simple props. A number of theatrical companies exist, with repertoires including absurdist , realist , and humorous plays. The theatrical culture that flourished Tamil culture during the classical age. Tamil theatre has a long and varied history whose origins can be traced back almost two millennia to dance-theatre forms like Kotukotti and Pandarangam , which are mentioned in an ancient anthology of poems entitled the Kalingathu Parani.
Language, religion, food and the arts are just some of the various aspects of Indian culture. India has 28 states and seven territories, according to the World Health Organization.
There is no official language in India, according to a Gujarat High Court ruling in , though Hindi is the official language of the government. The Constitution of India officially recognizes 23 official languages. Many people living in India write in Devanagari script. In fact, it is a misconception that the majority of people in India speak Hindi. Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu are some other languages spoken in the country.
Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language usually referred to in action movies, came from Northern India.
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How the language started has been a point of argument amongst linguists. It shares many similarities with English, French, Farsi and Russian languages. New DNA research in found that an Aryan invasion may have introduced the beginnings of Sanskrit. India is identified as the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism, the third and fourth largest religions. There are many variations of Hinduism, and four predominant sects — Shaiva, Vaishnava, Shakteya and Smarta.
About 13 percent of Indians are Muslim, making it one of the largest Islamic nations in the world. Christians and Sikhs make up a small percentage of the population, and there are even fewer Buddhists and Jains, according to the "Handbook. The CIA cited similar figures.
According to its World Factbook, around 80 percent of the population is Hindu, Indian cuisine is also influenced by many other countries. It is known for its large assortment of dishes and its liberal use of herbs and spices.